Hip dysplasia blog

CANINE HIP DYSPLASIA IN DOGS AND WHAT TO DO ABOUT IT One of the commonest bone and joint diseases in dogs is hip dysplasia. However, dogs are not the only species to be affected by the condition – cats and humans can get it too. In land mammals, the hipRead More

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The mass shooting at the Route 91 Harvest Music Festival in Las Vegas on October 01, 2017 shook not only the USA but also the world. Fifty eight concert-goers died in the attack and more than 500 people were injured. With horror on that scale, how can you comfort theRead More

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Hip dysplasia blog


One of the commonest bone and joint diseases in dogs is hip dysplasia. However, dogs are not the only species to be affected by the condition – cats and humans can get it too.

In land mammals, the hip joint is a ball and socket joint – a very neat design in which the ball-shaped surface at the top of the leg bone fits neatly into a cup-shaped socket in the pelvis. This clever piece of engineering allows the leg bone to move in nearly all directions.

But sometimes things go wrong. In a pet or human with hip dysplasia, the hip joint is malformed in such a way that the ball and the socket don’t meet properly. This can cause the bones in the joint to grind against each other or the hip to become partially dislocated. As you can imagine, this is very painful.

What causes hip dysplasia in dogs?

There are two main causes of the condition in dogs – genetic and environmental. Genetic factors mean that some breeds are more likely to be affected than others. Large and giant breeds such as German Shepherd, Great Dane, Labrador Retriever, and Saint Bernard are particularly prone to the condition. Small breed dogs can also get it but are less likely to show symptoms.

The genetic aspect means that, if you are purchasing from a breeder, you must check what are known as ‘the ‘hip scores’ of both parents, before taking home your pup. This is very important.

Recent research has shown that environmental factors, especially nutrition, have more effect on hip dysplasia than previously thought. It is now recommended that large breed puppies should be fed a special diet during the first year of life to offset the risk.

What are the symptoms of hip dysplasia?

Although hip dysplasia is often associated with senior dogs, it can begin in puppyhood, but not usually before four months of age. In later onset, the hip dysplasia forms as a result of osteoarthritis (chronic deterioration of the joint cartilage).

If you suspect your pet may have hip dysplasia, here are some of the signs to look out for:

  • Being less active
  • Has trouble getting up
  • Doesn’t want to run, jump, go upstairs, or get into the back of the car
  • Lameness that is often worse after exercise
  • Back legs unusually close together)
  • Hips seem to be painful
  • Bones seem to grind with joint movement
  • Less mobility in hip joints
  • Thigh muscles get smaller and weaker
  • Shoulder muscles get bigger because the front legs have to do more work.

Getting it checked 

If you suspect hip dysplasia, you should of course consult your vet. Be prepared to give them a thorough account of your dog’s general health, the start of symptoms and any past injuries that may have contributed to the problem.

Your vet will take X-rays and commission tests such as: a blood chemical profile, a complete blood count (to test for inflammation due to joint disease), an electrolyte panel and a urinalysis.

Management and treatment

Unfortunately, there is no cure for hip dysplasia in dogs, but the condition can be managed so that Rover can still enjoy his life.

Management: There are a number of important steps you should take to manage hip dysplasia:

  • Weight control – the importance of controlling your pet’s weight cannot be overestimated. Keeping a healthy weight will help to reduce the stress on the joints and the pain.
  • Regular, low-impact exercise, such as swimming or walking on a leash, will increase the muscle and tendon strength and help lessen the pain. If you are in Delhi, do remember that Canine Elite has a beautiful pool for dogs!
  • When walking, avoid hard surfaces like concrete or tarmac – these are hard on the joints.
  • Create the best possible environment for your pooch. Provide ramps or easy steps to help your dog get into the car or around the house. Try to limit the amount of time she has to go up and down steps. Soft mattresses are good and a heated dog bed for the winter will soothe those aches and pains.


Physical therapy – this could include everything from hydrotherapy to massage. But do talk to your vet before starting any programme.

Acupuncture can be helpful when used alongside other treatments

Just as in humans, supplements such as glucosamine, can decrease inflammation and help cartilage to heal.

Steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help to ease pain, but do not give them without consulting a vet first. NSAIDs for humans include aspirin and ibuprofen while NSAIDs for dogs include carprofen, deracoxib, firoxib or meloxicam.

In severe cases, your pet may need surgery. Various procedures are used, including total hip replacement.

Please do note that this article only gives some of the main points about hip dysplasia and always consult your vet if you suspect any kind of joint problem in your dog.

Canine Elite is a premium dog boarding establishment and cattery in Delhi. It offers Delhi pets and pet owners superb facilities such as daycare for dogs, advanced dog training, dog agility training, puppy training and vet service. Canine Elite also promotes and facilitates pet adoption in Delhi.


The mass shooting at the Route 91 Harvest Music Festival in Las Vegas on October 01, 2017 shook not only the USA but also the world. Fifty eight concert-goers died in the attack and more than 500 people were injured. With horror on that scale, how can you comfort the injured and bereaved? Words are inadequate; often sounding hollow and inappropriate. But there’s another source of emotional healing that can be used, not only in the wake of major disasters but also to comfort the sick, the depressed, the lonely, the physically challenged, the frightened and the stressed.

Paws on the ground

As soon as the news of the Las Vegas shootings broke, golden retriever therapy dogs from Lutheran Church Charities, accompanied by their handlers, set off for Nevada to bring comfort to the victims, their families and the stressed-out first responders.

Speaking to the press, Tim Hetzner, president and CEO of Lutheran Church Charities and founder of the K-9 Comfort Dog Ministries explained the healing power of his animals.  “The great thing about the dogs, they’re unconditional, confidential and safe, he said. “Dogs have an incredible sense of when somebody is hurting,” he added. “They’ll just come and lay themselves into somebody’s lap.”

When children have been badly hurt or shocked they often confide in the dogs in a way they will not express themselves to adults. The dogs are perfect listeners and they don’t judge or talk back.

Hetzner started the organization in August 2008 with four dogs. It now has more than 130 dogs in 23 states that have put paws on the ground in response to tragedies such as Sandy Hook, Orlando, the Dallas shootings and disaster response for Hurricane Harvey.

The comfort teams only go where they are invited and the protocol is that the handlers always let people approach the dog rather than the other way around, in case anyone is afraid of or allergic to animals.

The primary role of the handlers is to make sure the dogs don’t get burned out. This means giving them time out for a game or a sleep after two-hour work

Why dogs are such good therapists

The beneficial effect of interaction with dogs has been proven scientifically. The main explanations seem to be: physical effects through hormones, the friendliness of the therapy dogs and their ability to show empathy.

Feel-good factors: Studies have demonstrated that simply stroking a dog can reduce levels of stress hormones, regulate breathing and lower blood pressure. It seems that petting a dog releases oxytocin, a hormone associated with bonding and affection, not only in the human, but in the dog too.

Friendliness: Brian Hare, director of Duke University’s Canine Cognition Center, says part of what makes dogs special is that, unlike most other animals, they do not show fear of strangers. In fact he says, many dogs actually love strangers, and in that way are more welcoming than people. And a dog’s love is unconditional which makes it that much more powerful.

Empathy: Psychologist Debbie Custance of Goldsmiths College, University of London, has studied the ability of dogs to detect distress in humans. She asked human volunteers to either pretend to cry, or just “hum in a weird way” in order to find out whether dogs could tell the difference?

Debbie and the volunteers were astonished at the results. The dogs paid little attention to the people who were just humming, but nearly all of them came over to nuzzle the crying person, whether it was their owner or a stranger.

In an interview with National Geographic, Debbie admitted that her results were not conclusive evidence that dogs have empathy but said that it shows how people could well feel that dogs were sensitive to unhappiness.

Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT)

The beneficial effect of interacting with animals is increasingly being recognized and Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) is growing in popularity. While dogs are the most widely used therapists, other animals such as dolphins and horses are also effective in certain situations. According to the UK’s Daily Mail, skunks are sometimes used to calm schizophrenia patients in Britain, snakes are helping those with bipolar disorder and chinchillas are prompting memories in people with dementia.

In Europe and the US, therapy dogs make visits to prisons, comfort traumatized war veterans, visit the sick and bring down stress levels in corporate offices.

Now the dogs are finding their way into all kinds of places in India. In Asia’s first Airport Comfort Dogs Programme, which ran from September 2015 to May 2017, three dogs – Pepe, Sunshine and Pearl – were stationed at Terminal 2 of the Mumbai airport at weekends to welcome passengers.

Clinical psychologist, Minal Kavishwar, founder of Animal Angels Foundation, an NGO involved in the project, said there was a tremendous response from passengers. People who were stressed because they were stranded or lonely or missing their families, found the presence of a therapy dog soothing.

In an interview with The Hindu, Kavishwar explained that, while AAT can be used in various settings, it is most effective when combined with other therapies or treatment. “This is precisely the reason why it has to be practiced by trained mental health professionals,” she says.

Kavishwar told the paper that AAT involves strict protocols. “For an animal-assisted intervention to be called ‘therapy’, certain criteria have to be fulfilled”, she said. “The psychologist has to document goals and achievements using standardized scales. The documented progress is used to form empirical evidence to support the effect of AAT.”

Furry counsellors

Mentally or physically challenged children benefit greatly from AAT. Psychologists say that the kids participate much more readily in therapy sessions when there is a dog in the room. Children with physical disabilities really make an effort to move if there is a dog to be walked or groomed; others show emotional and social growth after regular interactions with one of the counselors with fur.

Visiting the sick

In hospitals, strict rules have to be in place to ensure that the four-legged therapists do not carry any infection into the wards. But, after initial resistance, therapy dogs are now at work in India. International standards of hygiene are followed, especially in places such as cancer wards.



Indian canine upliftment centre is located on Anuvrat Marg next to the Mahavir ahinsa sthal. We are 500 short of the Qutab minar metro station. 




91 8860084511

91 9871397173

91 9871397179(available on whatsapp)


Visiting hours are 10am to 6pm with a prior appointment on 9871397173/79, 8860084511.

Working hours: 10am to 6pm





Indian Canine Upliftment Centre ICUC is a registered animal welfare organisation dedicated to the care of the homeless, abandoned, and rescued dogs and cats across Delhi and NCR. Their aim is to find families for these pets while also discouraging people from buying pets.

Canine Elite is a premium dog boarding establishment and cattery in Delhi. It offers Delhi pets and pet owners superb facilities such as daycare for dogs, advanced dog training, dog agility training, puppy training and vet service. Canine Elite also promotes and facilitates pet adoption in Delhi. 


What to do about your itchy dog?
Is your pet scratching more than usual, worrying away at that spot on his back leg or elsewhere? It can make you feel itchy yourself just looking at him and, if he sleeps in your bedroom, he might keep you awake all night.

Vets say that itchy skin, known as pruritis, is one of the most common doggie problems they see in the clinic.
So, what’s behind this unpleasant condition? You won’t be surprised to learn that there can be many different causes. These include: allergies, parasites, yeast infections, and underlying diseases.

Just like humans, dogs can suffer from allergies and these often result in itchy skin. There are three main causes of allergies in dogs: fleas, something in the environment, or food.

Fleas: Bites from these nasty little insects cause temporary itching in dogs and humans. But, if your pet is allergic to flea bites, then the situation is more serious. Just one flea bite on an allergic dog can cause him to itch all over, not only in the place where the bite occurred.

The only answer is to wage all-out war on the fleas. Treat all the pets as well as the house and furnishings. It is hard work but well worth it. Once the fleas are gone your dog will be free of his itches.

Environmental allergies: Like us, dogs can get allergic reactions from substances like pollen or dander (tiny particles shed by animals that have fur, hair or feathers). They may ingest these by inhaling them or may absorb them directly through the skin and the result can be a nasty, itchy rash.
Your dog may need corticosteroids or other medication but the best treatment is to identify the allergen and avoid exposure. If the allergy is seasonal, as with pollen, then medication can be stopped when the season ends. Allergies can also occur with grooming products.

Food allergies
These are less common in pets than you might suppose. Allergic dermatitis kicks in after exposure to a protein that the dog’s immune system wrongly identifies as a threat. It is important to track down the cause of the allergy but this is involves an elimination diet and some systematic detective work. Get advice from your vet on how to do this. Once you’ve found the culprit and cut it out of Fido’s diet, the problem should be solved.

We have already mentioned fleas and the temporary itchiness than comes from their bites. They are a nuisance no doubt but mites, tiny parasites related to spiders, cause trouble quite out of proportion to their size.

Mites are responsible for the mange that affects so many Delhi street dogs. There are two main types of mange: sarcoptic mange (also known as canine scabies) and demodectic mange; treatment depends on the type of mange involved.
Sarcoptic mange spreads rapidly between dogs. It causes itching, red skin, sores and hair loss, especially on the ears, face and legs. Demodectic mange or red mange is caused by the Demodex mite. This little creature lives naturally in the hair follicles of most dogs. As long as the host is strong and healthy, it causes no trouble; however, if the dog becomes sick or stressed then the mite population spirals out of control, resulting in skin irritation, hair loss and widespread inflammation.

Yeast infections
One of the side-effects of the monsoon in India is the health problems it brings for dogs and humans. The warm damp weather provides perfect conditions for yeast and fungal infections. If Fido can’t stop scratching an ear or chewing his toes then get him checked for a yeast infection. Yeast infections love to settle in the moist crevices found in paws and ears. Luckily, yeast infections are easily diagnosed and treated with creams, oral drugs or medicated baths

Sometimes itching and hair loss can be side-effects of a serious condition. If your dog is getting bald patches then please see your vet to ensure that there is no underlying disease such as thyroid dysfunction or Cushings disease, an adrenal disorder.

A nutritional boost can help
Apart from any medications your vet prescribes for the various skin infections, you can help your dog by giving him diets and supplements containing suitable levels of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids, present in fish oils, reduce inflammation while omega-6 fatty acids play an important role in strengthening the skin and reducing water loss. Linoleic fatty acid is an essential fatty acid for dogs. Their bodies cannot manufacture it, so they must obtain it from their food.

Do consult your vet about suitable supplements for your itchy dog.

Canine Elite is a premium dog boarding establishment and cattery in Delhi. It offers Delhi pets and pet owners superb facilities such as daycare for dogs, advanced dog training, dog agility training, puppy training and vet service. Canine Elite also promotes and facilitates pet adoption in Delhi.

Sonya Kochhar Apicella
Canine elite


Does your dog or cat get excited when a family member is on the way home but has not yet arrived at the door?

There are lots of cases of pets that seem to sense when a much-loved human is coming back to them and a senior British scientist has been making a study of this phenomenon.

Starting in the 90s, biologist Rupert Sheldrake began to run experiments on unexplained abilities of animals. Despite the fact that mainstream science frowned on such topics, Dr Sheldrake was inspired to follow this research after observing the behaviour of a neighbour’s cat.

The neighbour was a widow and her son was a sailor. The young man did not like to tell his mom when he was coming home in case he got delayed and she began to worry. But, thanks to the family cat, his mother always received advance warning of his arrival. About an hour or more before the sailor reached the house, the cat sat by the front door and began meowing noisily.

Collecting the evidence
Sheldrake started his research by asking friends and neighbours if they had ever noticed that their pets were able to anticipate when someone was coming home. He soon received lots of examples and by 2011 his database included more than 1,000 reports of apparently telepathic dogs and over 600 accounts of telepathic cats.

Telephone surveys in the UK and US revealed that, in about 50 per cent of homes with dogs and 30 per cent of those with cats, the pets were able to tell when a family member was on the way home.

Of course there could be entirely practical explanations for the phenomena – the pet could have been alerted by a phone call, by footsteps in the road, the sound of a familiar car, or simply by the time of day. But many people reported that this could not be the case because the pet’s excitement happened long before the owner got home and occurred even when they used a different means of transport to their usual one. Some of the respondents were plumbers or taxi-drivers and worked irregular hours, but this did not stop their pets being able to accurately anticipate their arrival.

Sheldrake was fascinated by the widespread nature of these occurrences and began to carry out experiments. One of his key subjects was a terrier called Jaytee who lived in Manchester, UK, with his owner Pam Smart. The first tests showed that Jaytee was waiting at the window at 85 per cent of the time when Pam returned home.

Sheldrake wanted to be sure that Jaytee was not just responding to Pam’s regular routine, or picking up clues from her body language, so he added some checks. In the next set of tests, he arranged for Pam to be at least 5 miles away from home during each experiment. He then set up a camera to record Jaytee’s activities and each day selected a random time for Pam to get home. Pam did not know beforehand when she would be leaving for home but was informed when to start moving by a pager. She travelled only by taxi so Jaytee would not be alerted by the sound of a familiar car.

On average, Jaytee was at the window only 4 per cent of the time that Pam was away but was waiting there 55 per cent of the time when Pam was heading for home. In fact, on many occasions, Jaytee started keeping watch before Pam had begun her journey.

Sheldrake then repeated the experiments with other dogs, including a Rhodesian ridgeback called Kane. Unlike Jaytee, Kane did not start looking out of the window before his mistress began the homeward journey but began his vigil when she was already on the way.

From these and other cases, Sheldrake concludes that some animals have some kind of telepathic bond with their owners.

How does it happen?
To explain this apparent bond, Sheldrake refers to a phenomenon called “quantum entanglement”, a form of link between particles and currently a popular research field for physicists. Even Einstein recognised the effect, calling it “spooky action at a distance”, but thought it was due to an error in the formulation of quantum mechanics. Sheldrake says that entangled particles can communicate with each other even when they are separated.
His revolutionary ideas have been strongly criticized by conventional scientists, but the evidence keeps coming in. He says that it’s not just cats and dogs that have shown this behaviour but also parrots, horses, bottle-fed lambs and pet geese.

Help with research
From time to time, Dr Sheldrake needs information from the public to assist in his research on animal telepathy. If you are interested in helping out, you can find out more here.

Canine Elite is a premium dog boarding establishment and cattery in Delhi. It offers Delhi pets and pet owners superb facilities such as daycare for dogs, advanced dog training, dog agility training, puppy training and vet service. Canine Elite also promotes and facilitates pet adoption in Delhi.

Sonya Kochhar Apicella
Canine Elite


Recently, there was some rather unusual news in the doggie world. The President of South Korea, Moon Jae-in, adopted a mixed-breed black shelter dog called Tory.

So what’s surprising about that? Well – only that South Korea is a country that is not known for kindness to dogs.

Indeed Tory was initially rescued from a dog meat farm. But because of the Korean prejudice against black dogs, rescuers found it hard to get her adopted. That’s when President Moon Jae-in, who made animal rights a key part of his campaign, stepped in to give her a forever home.

And the president has made a great choice because mixed-breed dogs such as our own indie dogs make excellent pets.

If you are thinking of getting a pet for the family please consider adoption very seriously. There are so many dogs out there in need of loving homes. And if you are going to adopt it is always wise to go through an organization like the Indian Canine Upliftment Centre (ICUC) an NGO devoted to the care of Delhi’s street dogs.

You’ll find most of the dogs up for adoption are indie dogs but sometimes you’ll come across pedigree dogs that have been abandoned. You could choose a puppy and have the fun of training it yourself or pick an adult dog that is already housetrained.

Senior dogs are often abandoned and are not the first choice for many families. But if you feel you could take in a senior dog you would be doing a wonderful thing for another living being.

In fact, by adopting from a shelter, you are not only helping the dog you select, you are also helping another animal in need by creating a vacancy.

Hints and tips for choosing a dog for adoption

1. Before you choose a pet think what kind of dog would be best for your family. Remember that dogs such as Alsatians, labradors, golden retrievers and collies need lots of exercise and that long-haired breeds will require quite a lot of care and grooming

2. The advantage of indie dogs over pure-bred dogs is that their immune systems are stronger so vet’s bills are likely to be lower. Indies are acclimatized to Delhi’s weather conditions and generations of street living has made them highly intelligent and adaptable. They love to play and make wonderful watch dogs.

3. When you meet a shelter dog you like, ask the staff about his history and health. Find out if he is taking any medication.

4. Also ask about his behaviour since coming to the shelter.

5. Spend time with the dog that attracts you most and see how he or she relates to you. Is there a ‘connection’?

6. Unless you are very experienced with dogs, pick an animal that is curious and alert but not nervous or jumpy. When you come close, the dog should wag its tail, sniff you or even roll over for a tummy scratch.

7. Before making the final decision, it’s a great idea to bring the whole family along to meet the dog. Dogs sometimes respond differently to different people. And you want to make sure your chosen adoptee actually likes children before introducing him to a home with young kids.

5. Most shelters will vaccinate and deworm, and neuter or spay the dogs in their care (as long as they are the right age). Ask what medical treatments your selected dog has had recently.


If you adopt a puppy or young dog, but don’t have time to train him then Canine Elite can provide obedience and agility training plus a whole range of other services including grooming. And if you are holding back from adopting because you have to travel from time to time then don’t worry because Canine Elite’s comfortable kennels will provide a home from home for your treasured pet while you are away.

If you can’t adopt

If you love dogs but can’t adopt because of some personal constraints, for example your partner or child may be terrified of dogs, then why not consider sponsoring an animal in a shelter. The dog will be safe and well cared for and you can visit whenever you wish.

Or get involved in the marvellous work done by ICUC in Delhi. This includes:

– Finding homes for new-born litters

– Spaying and neutering to control the street do population in the city

– Running free rabies vaccination camps

– Providing warm blankets and coats for dogs in winter as well as rations for street dog shelters

– Promoting adoptions

– Spreading awareness of the needs of street dogs

– Taking sick street dogs to the vet, bearing the cost of treatment and giving aftercare during convalescence

Canine Elite is a premium dog boarding establishment and cattery in Delhi. It offers Delhi pets and pet owners superb facilities such as daycare for dogs, advanced dog training, dog agility training, puppy training and vet service. Canine Elite also promotes and facilitates pet adoption in Delhi.

Sonya Kochhar Apicella


Canine elite 

Why you shouldn’t skip flea, tick and worm prevention for your furry friends

I am sorry – this blog post full of itchy, wriggly things is probably going to make your skin crawl but it has an important message. Please don’t skip on flea and tick prevention and worming of your dogs and cats!

Parasites like fleas, ticks and worms may be small but they cause problems quite out of proportion to their size. They meangreat discomfort for your pet and can be fatal in some cases. To add to the problems, some of the pests can cause severe illness and even death in humans.

Ferocious fleas

Fleas are easy to pick up and most dogs and cats suffer from them at some time. Luckily, these troublesome bloodsuckers are easy to spot, so treatment can begin at once. Symptoms of flea infestation include scratching, biting, hair loss or excessive licking. But these symptoms can also be caused by allergies or mites so you would be wise to check your pet’s coat to see if you can actually see the pests. Fleas are half the size of an apple pip but can be as big as a rice grain. If you don’t see fleas, look for flea waste, which resembles tiny bits of dirt on the skin.

To prevent re-infestation you will have to thoroughly vacuum the house and wash your pet’s bedding.

Here are some suggestions to stop fleas from hitch-hiking on your dog?

– Wash your dog regularly with lukewarm water and mild soap

– Use a flea comb, collar or spray. Some experts advise that flea collars should not be worn in the house.

– Some people advise natural flea deterrents such as lemon juice, apple cider vinegar or lavender oil, but please note that these should not be used on cats.

If you find your dog or cat has fleas, please take your vet’s advice on the best treatments. If you buy a product over the counter, do make sure it is suitable for cats. For flea prevention, spot-on treatments are held to be safer, more convenient, and more effective than traditional dusts, shampoos, and sprays.

Keeping your pets free of fleas will help stop infestation with another creepy parasite, the tapeworm. Fleas are hosts to tapeworm larvae and if your dog or cat swallows a flea while grooming then an adult tapeworm can grow inside their intestines.

Terrible Ticks

The monsoon in India is often accompanied by an outbreak of tick fever in Delhi’s dogs and pedigree breeds are the most susceptible. The culprits are usually the brown dog ticks that lurk in the grass and attach themselves to your pet when he is out for a walk. They carry a tiny protozoan parasite that destroys red blood cells, causing anaemia.  If not caught quickly enough, tick fever can kill, so keep a close eye on your pooch during the monsoon. Among the first signs of infection are loss of appetite, lethargy, dark-coloured urine and frequent urination.

To prevent tick infestation, brush and comb your dog’s coat when he gets back from a walk. Tick collars, tick sprays and medicated strips available from the vet’s clinic can be used to deter the pests.

Cats can also get tick-borne diseases. If your kitty goes outside a lot check her regularly for ticks. If you find a tick, you must take it off with tweezers or a specially designed tick removal tool. Exert steady pressure to remove the entire tick, including the head. Make sure to disinfect the area after you remove the insect.

The best way to dispose of ticks is to put them in a bottle of alcohol and close it tightly before throwing it away. You would also be wise to wear gloves to avoid touching the tick, and wash your hands afterwards.

If you are concerned that your cat might have contracted a tick-borne disease please contact your vet at once; and never give her over-the-counter anti-tick products designed for dogs.

Worrisome worms

The most common types of worm infecting dogs and cats are roundworms, hookworms, whipworms and tapeworms. Of these, only two are commonly seen in dog or cat stool with the unaided eye: roundworms and tapeworms. If you take your pet to the vet for a suspected worm infestation you may need to bring along a stool sample for testing.

Worms in dogs

Roundworms look like strands of spaghetti and can be up to 20 cm in length. Your dog can pick them up by sniffing another dog’s poop or playing in a place that has been previously contaminated with dog faeces.

Tapeworms are flattened worms with segmented bodies. Tapeworms are transmitted to dogs by an intermediate host such as a flea. When the dog eats the flea while grooming, he becomes infected.

Dogs with worms will show the following symptoms:

– Weight loss
– Worms visible in poop, vomit or under the tail
– Scooting along on his bottom to relieve the itch
– General loss of condition including dull coat
– Flaky skin

If you spot these signs then take immediate action. Consult your vet about what treatment to use but also ask their advice on a year-round worm prevention programme because it is really easy for reinfection to occur.  Deworming every three months is a good plan.

Worms in cats

Many cats with worm infestations show no symptoms and the parasites go undetected causing potential health problems for the host. Some feline parasitic worms can also pose dangers to human health.

If the cat has a serious worm problem then the following symptoms may be seen

– Diarrhoea
– Bloody stool
– Potbellied appearance
– Vomiting
– Weight loss
– Worms visible in stool or worm segments seen under tail

Roundworms are the most common wrigglers that infect cats and some types of roundworms can be dangerous to humans, especially children. Large concentrations of roundworm eggs can accumulate in places where cats poop and these can cause blindness in people. It is estimated that approximately 10,000 children are infected with roundworms every year.

To stop your cat getting worms, take the following steps:

– Try to keep your cat indoors to limit her exposure to sources of infection
– Keep your home, verandah and garden free of fleas
– Always wear gloves when changing the cat litter.
– Ask your vet to recommend a worm treatment or prevention

For all these parasites, prevention is better than cure. Keep your pets and human family happy and healthy by being up to date with your flea, tick and worm treatments.

Canine Elite is a premium dog boarding establishment and cattery in Delhi. It offers Delhi pets and pet owners superb facilities such as daycare for dogs, advanced dog training, dog agility training, puppy training and vet service. Canine Elite also promotes and facilitates pet adoption in Delhi.

Holidays and Days Out with Your Pets

The family is sitting around discussing the annual vacation – will it be the hills or the beach or
even going abroad? Then someone says, “What about the pet? Can’t he come too?”

That sets you thinking. What are the pros and cons of taking your pet on holiday? Here are some hints and tips to help you decide and plan.

How Will You Travel?

The first thing to think about when making plans is how you will be travelling – by car, train or air.

Travel by Car: This is the simplest and cheapest way to travel with pets. And  most pets love cars. When the window is open, the feast of ever-changing sights and smells provides endless stimulation for the doggie’s brain. Some experts say that dogs love car rides because they feel as if they are on a hunt. There is something
about the car movement and the fact that the dog is riding along with its pack (its human family) that mimics the experience of hunting.

However, there are some points you need to think about before setting off with Fido.

  1. Safety: Have some way to restrain your pet while he is in the car. This is for your safety and his. Pets roaming free in a vehicle can distract the driver and are more likely to be hurt in the event of an accident. Pet barriers (larger dogs), pet seat belts, pet car seats (small dogs) and pet travel crates are all options for restraining your dog. Do get him used to the form of restraint long before you travel. Dogs love to stick their heads out of the window but this is a ‘no’. The animal can be hit by flying debris or other vehicles that pass too close.
  2. Temporary ID Tag: Just in case your pet runs off while you are away, attach a temporary ID to his collar. Include the address and phone number of where you

will be staying on holiday, plus your mobile number and maybe an email address. And bring along a current photo of your pet to help with the search if he should get lost.

  1. What to Pack: Include a supply of your pet’s favourite food–you may not be able to buy it on the way. Also bring food

and water bowls, bedding, leash, collar and tags, a first aid kit and any required medications. Make sure you always have plenty of water.

  • Plenty of Bathroom Breaks: Make sure you take lots of breaks so your pet can relieve itself and stretch its legs. Make sure your pet is on the leash and wearing the ID. During bathroom breaks, give your pet some water but keep food to a minimum during the journey.
  • Parked Vehicles: Dogs are very prone to overheating so never ever leave your pet alone in a parked car. Even with the

window slightly open, temperatures in the vehicle can rise above danger levels.

  1. Car Sickness: Like humans, some dogs and puppies can suffer from motion sickness. Common signs of car sickness in a pet include: a lot of yawning, drooling,
  2. inactivity, restlessness, whining, vomiting. If your dog is car sick, then it may not be a great idea to take him on a road trip but if it is unavoidable, there are some steps you can take.

    1. Don’t feed him for several hours before setting off;
    2. Exercise before getting into the car;
    3. Make sure he is facing forward in the car;
    4. Don’t let him travel in the furthest back seat;
    5. Open the windows a little;
    6. Keep the vehicle cool.

    Travel by Rail

    If you are travelling on Indian Railways then you can take a pet dog in AC First Class or First Class only, provided you reserve either a two-berth or a four-berth compartment exclusively for use by you, your family or friends and your pet.

    If you are travelling in any other class, then you cannot take the pet with you in the compartment but you can book and carry the pet in the luggage van in a specially designed pet carrier. You should contact the Parcel Office to book your pet in the luggage van. There are penalties if you try to carry your pet without booking.

  3. Travel by Air

    The Air India policy (and other domestic airlines will be much the same) is that small pets such as dogs, cats and birds, accompanied by valid health and rabies vaccination certificates, can be accepted on domestic flights in the cabin or the cargo hold at the owners’ risk.

    To travel in the cabin, the pets must be carried in soft ventilated bags of a
    prescribed size (18”x18”x12” max.) and the animal should not weigh more than 5 kg. Larger pets will need to go in the hold.

    Pets travelling in the hold can be carried as accompanied baggage or shipped as cargo and excess baggage is payable on them. They are not included in the free luggage allowance.

    Days Out With Your Pet

    So now you’ve arrived near the beach or the hills and you and your pet are about to have a blast. Here are some tips to help you have fun in safety.

    The Beach – “Do’s and Don’ts”

      1. Check that the beach allows pets;
      2. Bring a long leash and use it if there is any danger of your pet troubling other beachgoers;
      3. Take beach towels, drinking water, umbrella and doggie sunscreen (yes- dogs can get sunburnt, especially on the nose);
      4. Never leave your pet unattended;
      5. Know whether your pet is a swimmer or not. Never force him into the water;
      6. If you are not sure whether he’s a swimmer, take along a pet life vest;
      7. Watch out for signs of heat stroke (from the sun) or hypothermia (from cold water).

    Hill-Walking “Do’s” and Don’ts”

    1. Get fit before you start, and that means your pet as well as you!
    2. Take collar and leash, as for normal walks;
    3. Have a legible ID tag. Maybe take a
    4. current photo along;

        1. Carry water for you and for the dog (plus a bowl for him to drink from);
        2. Ditto food for you and for your pet;
        3. Bring a first-aid kit;
        4. Sunscreen–both human and doggies varieties;
        5. If it’s likely to be cold, bring an extra layer for the pet.

      All the above are ideas for fun holidays and days out with a fit, healthy, confident and youngish pet. If you have a senior pet or a pet with health problems, then it is probably safer to leave him at home with a relative or book him into a responsible,
      high-quality pet resort such as Canine Elite.

      It’s worth mentioning here that Canine Elite also has accommodation for humans, so if you want to take a break in Delhi, you can stay there along with your furry best friend.

      Canine Elite is a premium dog boarding establishment and cattery in Delhi. It offers Delhi pets and pet owners superb facilities such as day care for dogs, advanced dog training, dog agility training, puppy training and vet service. Canine Elite also promotes and facilitates pet adoption in Delhi.

Grand Day Out For Pets and People

It was all the fun of the fair and more at the first Indian Canine Upliftment Centre (ICUC) Pet Fair on 22-23 April.

Dogs large and small, together with their owners, made their way to Canine Elite’s extensive grounds in Mehrauli, where bright-coloured bunting and a variety of exciting stalls awaited them.

There was certainly plenty to interest pet lovers. Reputed vets were on site to for consultation and luxury grooming services from Scoopy Scrub were on offer. As I went around the numerous stalls, I found a dizzying array of merchandise available. As well as dog beds and baskets, grooming tools, medications and foods there were pet jigsaw puzzles, coasters, decorated pencils, cupcakes with paw design (for human consumption!), dog booties, canine clothing, a range of beautiful soaps and a pet bakery (or ‘barkery’!).

One stall owner, Aastha, told me that all her products, whether dog garments or leashes, were made of natural fibres such as cotton and jute. This, she said, was because she had found that her own dog was allergic to nylon. One item on her stall, a magnificent leash suitable for a large dog, was actually made from the thick rope used to tie ships.

There was also a most beautiful art exhibition containing works by artists keen to support the good work of (ICUC). A black and white image of a little boy with his dog on a city street really caught my eye.

Inevitably, the most popular attraction was the pen where gorgeous Indie pups for fostering or adoption could be viewed and petted. Two tiny silky creatures in particular drew a lot of attention. They seemed very young and I asked one of the volunteers about their history. She confirmed that at only six weeks, they were really too little to be away from mum. Apparently, their little family was living close to a dangerous road and one of the litter had already been run over. ICUC then had to make a tough decision, whether to let them stay with their mother or take them in and save their lives. They decided on the latter course of action. One of the pair had already found a home, and the other was getting a lot of love, so it looked like a likely happy end to the tale.

A number of people had indeed come to the Fair with a view to dog adoption. Some were looking for doggie friends for themselves while a visitor from the US whom I chatted to was seeking a canine companion for his present pooch.

It was a hot day but cooling fans were well placed for comfort. Four-legged visitors could take a plunge in the doggie swimming pool or try some doggie ice-cream; two-legged visitors could chill out with an iced shake or delicious ice-cream rolls made in front of their eyes.

One way and another, this event is surely one for a Delhi pet lover’s calendar. Look out for the next edition in a year’s time!

Indian Canine Upliftment Centre ICUC is a registered animal welfare organisation dedicated to the care of the homeless, abandoned, and rescued dogs and cats across Delhi and NCR. Their aim is to find families for these pets while also discouraging people from buying pets.

Canine Elite is a premium dog boarding establishment and cattery in Delhi. It offers Delhi pets and pet owners superb facilities such as daycare for dogs, advanced dog training, dog agility training, puppy training and vet service. Canine Elite also promotes and facilitates pet adoption in Delhi.

By : 
Sonya Kochhar Apicella, 

Canine Elite & ICUC


Having a dog in the house can greatly enrich family life for children and adults alike. Pets, especially dogs, can teach children compassion patience and responsibility. However, to make it all go smoothly, care must first be taken in choosing a dog to match the particular family and their circumstances.

Factors to Consider Include

  • Age of the children
  • Town or country home
  • Size of the house
  • Availability of a garden

Best Breeds of Dogs for Families with Kids Pet-centred websites will
tell you that the best dogs for kids include Boxers, Bull Dogs, Collies, Golden Retrievers, Labrador Retrievers, and Poodles. You’ll notice that these are all quite big dogs, which tend to be more docile than little dogs and so are suitable companions for kids. You should avoid any dogs such as Rottweilers that have been breed as guard dogs.

Each breed has its particular pros and cons. All of the above, except for the Bull Dogs, which are a bit lazy, need lots of exercise. In addition, long-haired Collies and Golden Retrievers, while friendly and playful, require a lot of grooming, which may be diffi cult if both parents are working or otherwise busy. Poodles, on the other hand, have the great advantage that they do not shed much hair. The ever popular Labrador Retrievers have a disadvantage in that they are prone to health problems such as hip dysplasia, especially if they are pure breed. If you are not breed conscious, and canconsider giving a homeless, rescued, or an abandoned dog a home, do consider

adopting a desi Dog. Desi dogs are intelligent, hardy and full of character. If you live in New Delhi, you can visit the Indian Canine Uplift ment Centre located in Mehrauli. Indian Canine Uplift ment Centre (ICUC) is a registered animal welfare organisation dedicated to the care of the homeless,abandoned, and rescued dogs and cats across Delhi and National Capital Region (NCR). Th e aim is to fi nd families for these pets while also discouraging people from

buying pets. On April 22-23, 2017, ICUC will organise a Pet Fair fund raiser. Th e 2-day event will have several fun filled activities for pet parents, children, and their dogs. Entry Charges are INR 100 per person. Dogs and children below 12 years are allowed free!

Location – Canine Elite Grounds,
Mehrauli, New Delhi

Choosing a Dog for Families with Young

Special care is needed if the kids in your family are less than 6- year-old. Don’t adopt a dog that barks a lot or a large, highenergy adult dog that could knock over a small child. And it’s probably not the best time to acquire a young puppy. Parents of young children are already very busy and puppies demand almost as much time and eff ort as a child.

Introducing a New Dog into Your Home
Do give the new puppy a chance to settle down before allowing the children to play with it too much. To ensure satisfactory socialisation, you will need to train the dog; it is time to read puppy training

Ensure everyone in the family sticks to the same rules regarding the dog. Make a list and stick it up where everyone can see it. You’ll need to decide where the pup will sleep. Some experts advise that the dog should have its own bed and not sleep with the kids because it can cause health and behavioural problems.

The Family Pack Unlike cats, dogs are wired to behave as members of a pack and for a pet dog the
human family is its ‘pack’. In a wild dog pack, there is scale of dominance reaching down from the pack leader to the weakest member. In a human/dog pack, size matters. In the pet dog’s mind, the ‘pack leader’ is probably one of the parents and must be obeyed but, when it comes to kids, most dogs will regard young children as equal or subordinate in the pecking order.

This can lead to various types of behaviour such as refusing to obey the child’s commands, growling when the child comes near, or even biting if the child does not heed the warnings to get out of the dog’s

If you see any of these behaviours happening, it is time to seek advice from a professional animal behaviourist. At the ICUC Pet Fair, you can meet Gautam Kari, US trained and Certifi ed Animal Behaviourist, and register for the Top Dog 10 Basic Obedience Certifi cation Course starting on April 25 to May 5 at Canine Elite, New Delhi. Th e 10-day basic obedience course is designed around internationally recognised positive training techniques, and teaches pet owners how to create a lasting and strong leader relationship with their dogs.

For more information on the upcoming
event, you can write to sonyakochhar@

Th e writer is the Founder and Owner of Canine
Elite, Pet Boarding, Grooming and Training


Making holiday plans involves a lot of decisions – what to do, where to stay, how to travel, what to take with you. For pet parents, one of the most critical decisions they face is what to do with the much-loved family dog or cat. Some people solve the problem by taking their pet (or pets) with them. While dog-friendly vacations are becoming more common and possible with a lot of planning, having Fido along will greatly curtail how you get there and what you do when you get there. Travel by train and plane is limited and vacationing internationally is nearly out of the question because of permits and quarantine requirements. If you can work out the travel and get your pet to your holiday destination, you will face a limited number of options that accommodate pets. It is even less likely that Fido will be able to join you and your family sightseeing, or to museums or shopping malls.

And what happens if the travel makes your pet sick? Pets are known to have diffi culty quickly adjusting to new environments and having a sick pet in a hotel room or BB would be miserable for Fido and you. Another option is to entrust the care of Fido and Kitty to a friend or relative who will pop in to feed, walk, and keep an eye on things while you are away. However well-intentioned these caregivers are, they are usually untrained. Will they be able to tell when Fido is a bit under the weather and need to be taken to the veterinarian? Will they be able to identify and stop a medical emergency crisis before it happens? Pets entrusted to part-time caretakers may escape or become ill because of a lack of consistent care. You could also send Fido and Kitty for a “sleepover” with a friend or relative while you are on holiday but will your pet adjust? Will your pet chew up your friend’s favourite high heels or sofa cushion? Leave a “deposit” on someone’s oriental rug? Will your friend respect your wishes not to feed Fido from the table or too much Butter Chicken? Are they going on their nightly walks?

A Good Kennel is the Safest Option The safest option for your best buddy while you are away is a professionally-run, well-appointed boarding facility. Professional kennels and boarding facilities will monitor your pet 24/7, will exercise and feed them following your schedule, and will check them frequently with staff trained to recognize signs of stress, distress or illness – and will know what to do. Still there are many kennels and catteries out there so how do you choose? Let’s ask an expert! Sonya Kochhar Apicella has nearly a decade of experience running Canine Elite boarding facility, one of the most popular and revered kennels in India. Spacious, Clean and Hospitable Accommodation She says “A personal visit to the kennel is essential”, she says. “Look for a hygienic, spacious accommodation equipped with heating for winter and air-conditioning for summer. Th e rooms should be made from tiles or similar materials which are easy to clean and disinfect. A low platform should be available to place your pets bedding and keep them off of the fl oor.

Be sure the boarding facility has large enough kennels so that your pet can easily turn around and walk a few steps. It should be high enough so that they don’t hit their head when they stand on their high legs. If you have more than one dog be sure that they have space that can accommodate two dogs from the same home.” Exercise and Fun “When choosing a pet boarding facility, make sure it has plenty of opportunities for exercise”, says Sonya.
“There should be a designated area for walking and exercising and enough trained staff dedicated to ensure all animals get the amount of exercise – which can vary widely by breed – that each border requires.” At Canine Elite there is one indoor play area and two outdoor play areas, one that includes an obstacle course if your pet is up for it! Each pet guest has a dedicated attendant to take him for regular walks. If you can take a cooling dip in a pool when you are on holiday, then why shouldn’t your pooch have the same opportunity? Some facilities now have pools for pets. At Canine Elite, guests can enjoy doggy-paddling and splashing in the swimming pool, or chasing balls across the water! A puppy pool is also available dedicated to the new swimmers.

Vaccinations “All responsible kennels will have strict rules about vaccinations,” continues Sonya. “If they do not, you put your pet at risk of getting sick – or worse. Do not board your pet with a facility that does not follow vaccination guidelines.

” For example, Canine Elite requires proof of current vaccination records for dogs for the following conditions – rabies, Bordetella

Some animal experts advise that you should not over feed your pet before taking him to the kennel. The extra food is not required and could cause an upset stomach (kennel cough) and DHPP (distemper, hepatitis, parainfl uenza, and parvovirus).

Special Needs Does your dog or cat have special needs? Does your dog follow a special diet? Older animals and those with medical problems should be given extra attention to ensure they get their medication at the right time and are monitored regularly by the kennel veterinarian. “One very important thing to ask,” advises Sonya, “make sure to ask if there is a veterinarian available around the clock.” Spa Services Th ese days, holidays for humans oft en involve a make-over and pampering in a spa. Why not choose a facility that off ers similar services to your pet? At Canine Elite, canines and felines can enjoy top quality grooming services such as combouts for tangled fur, cuts and trims in diff erent styles, nail clipping, and relaxing baths and massages.

Pet Transport and Pick-up Some pet boarding establishments provide “pet taxi services” and, depending on circumstances, this may be helpful for you at the beginning and end of your holiday. You can enquire if this facility is available when making your booking. In addition to its pet taxi services, Canine Elite even off ers chartered planes for pets and pet owners! Pet-friendly Accommodation for Humans at Canine Elite In some circumstances pet parents may wish to stay in Delhi with their pets and Canine Elite makes this possible. Th e resort has a pet-friendly guest house known as Th e Residency, which is located in the upscale Vasant Kunj locality and has 10 bedrooms, a spacious garden and a fully equipped kitchen.

Preparing for Boarding Sonya has some useful suggestions on how to prepare for boarding your pet. “Do make your reservation early, especially at peak vacation periods as rooms go quickly”, she says. “When making your booking, check to be sure which vaccinations are required and that your records are up to date, what items you need to provide when checking your pet in, if they provide meals, and which vet they use in an emergency”, she adds. Some animal experts advise that you should not overfeed your pet before taking him to the kennel.

The extra food is not required and could cause an upset stomach. Also, because pets are highly sensitive, do not allow any family member to stage an emotional “goodbye” because this might induce unnecessary anxiety in your pet. Finally When choosing a boarding facility, you might like to consider whether the establishment carries out work in the wider community, in animal welfare for example. Such facilities do important work and as you are an animal lover, they are well worth supporting with your custom. Besides running one of the eminent canine boarding facilities in India, Sonya and her team at Canine Elite have been very active in providing help for the street dogs of Delhi.

Canine Elite’s NGO – the Indian Canine Uplift ment Centre (ICUC) – encourages dog lovers to adopt or foster homeless or abandoned dogs, and to sponsor boarding, meals, medicines, surgery, post-op care, and vaccinations for animals waiting for adoption. Th e organization also arranges educational trips for kids to spread awareness about the condition of street animals in Delhi and its sister cities, encouraging sensitivity towards homeless canines and the importance of adopting animals instead of buying. We hope this article has given you some useful hints and tips about selecting a place for your pet to stay while you are away. Having chosen the right resort, you and your family can enjoy your well-deserved vacation to the fullest, knowing that your beloved cat or dog is in capable hands.

“Sonya Kochhar Apicella is the Founder and Owner of Canine Elite, a Pet Boarding, Grooming and Training Facility”

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